We are delighted to announce that the Shinkishi Hatai International Marine
Biology Course 2017 will be held at the Research Center for Marine Biology
(RCMB), Tohoku University, Asamushi, Aomori, Japan from 5th–13th July 2017.
Who is Shinkishi Hatai?
A marine biology station is the ideal environment to observe live marine organisms and to begin studying marine biology. The marine biology course held at our marine biology station, RCMB, on the coast of Mutsu Bay, provides hands-on experience in handling organisms (echinoderms and ascidians) and exploring the often-overlooked invertebrate taxa living in the sand interstices (meiobenthos). The first half of the course will introduce the participants to three fields, developmental biology of echinoderms, developmental biology of ascidians, and meiobenthology. In the latter half of the course, participants will conduct projects supervised by instructors of each field, and their results will be presented on the last day. Specific projects will be arranged prior to the course.
Instructors & Projects
Course in Meiobenthology
Instructors: Drs.Katrine Worsaae(Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen) & Shinta Fujimoto
Project detail: The marine environment harbours diverse organisms with various modes of life. This course aims to introduce a group of organisms known as meiobenthos to the participants. Meiobenthos is often overlooked due to its small body size (mostly less than a millimetre), but contrary to this state, its biodiversity and biomass are non-negligible and is stimulating studies on evolution and ecology. The one day introductory course (6th July) focuses on acquiring the basic methods of how to collect, extract, find and observe these fascinating organisms around RCMB. All common extraction techniques (decantation, freshwater shock, bubble-and-blot, floatation, MgCl2 anaesthesia, and seawater ice) will be demonstrated. The advanced course (10th & 11th July) will expand the sampling to more localities with different environment and try to grasp a better picture of diversity and also learn how to identify them. For the advanced course, we welcome participants’ requests on what they are especially interested in (e.g. specific organism, field of study, and on). Upon request, we may be able to prepare a mini-project that the participant would be interested in working on.
Beakers vs Breakers: Mechanisms of Development and Protection in Sea Urchin Embryos
Instructor: Dr.Amro Hamdoun(Cell and Developmental Biology, Scrips Institute of Oceanography)
Supporting RCMB staff: Drs. Takuya Minokawa and Keiichiro Kyozuka
Project detail: Course Description: Sea urchins have been studied for nearly 150 years to understand mechanisms of fertilization and early development. Their eggs and sperm can easily be obtained in large amounts, and combined to produce a virtually endless supply of optically transparent embryos ideal for observation and manipulation of development. Moreover, several species of sea urchins have fully sequenced genomes, making them amenable to modern reverse genetic approaches. The goal of this short-course is to introduce students to the basic principles of working with sea urchins, including isolation of egg and sperm, fertilization, microinjection, embryo culture, cell labeling and imaging. We will use the local sea urchin, Temnopleurus hardwickii, to explore how the embryo is adapted to ensure fidelity of development in the real world, including mechanisms that ensure isolation of the egg and sperm of each species, and those that protect the embryo against harmful toxicants. We will also use simple cell markers to label primordial germ cells, which are the precursors to egg and sperm, and examine their formation and migration. By the end of the course students should be sufficiently familiar with sea urchins to conduct and analyze simple environmental or genetic perturbations of development.
July 7th: Morning- Introduction to the course, primer on sea urchin development and overview of the basic principles of light microscopy necessary for observation of development. Afternoon- Fertilization and embryology lab. Evening- Selection of student projects. Discussion of CRISPR-CAS9 in sea urchins.
July 10th: Morning- Protective mechanisms of development. ABC transporters. Afternoon- Cell labeling and microinjection lab. Analysis of transporter activity with small molecule dyes, overexpression of transporters, and labeling of cell compartments. Evening ? Student Projects.
July 11th : Morning- Introduction to formation and migration of the primordial germ cell lineage.
Afternoon- Labeling of the primordial germ cell lineage, observation of epithelial to mesenchymal transitions. Evening ? Student Projects.
July 12th: Student projects.
Developmental Biology of Ascidians
Instructor: Dr.Alexander McDougall(Developmental Biology Laboratory, Villefranche-sur-mer)
Supporting RCMB staff: Drs. Gaku Kumano, Ayaki Nakamoto, and Keiichiro Kyozuka
Lecture Section (July 8; Introductory course): Introduction to ascidian.
Diversity of ascidian species, Phylogeny, anatomy, life cycles and early development.
Day 1(July 8; Introductory course) is animal and gamete handling.
Preparing eggs and sperm and dechorionating eggs.
Observation from fertilization to gastrulation in ascidians.
Day 2 (July 10) is Experimental
Do ascidian embryos twin and is unequal cell division cell autonomous?
Cell isolation experiments and observation of division pattern of the isolated blastomeres
Day 3 (July 11) is Experimental.
How is cell division time controlled so that a 24‐cell stage embryo is produced?
Test a hypothesis that beta-catenin causes cell cycle asynchrony.
Marine Biological Stations: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Lecturer: Dr. Hoshi Motonori (Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Institute of Technology)MH-photo.JPG
A brief history of marine biological stations as important sites for the
progress of biology will be overviewed and the near future of the stations
will be discussed.
Research Center for Marine Biology, Tohoku University Click here for detail
15:30 Keynote lecture by Dr. M. Hoshi
18:00 Welcome reception
6th July: “Course in Meiobenthology” by Drs. K. Worsaae and S. Fujimoto
Lecture & lab work
7th July: “Beakers vs Breakers: Mechanisms of Development and Protection in Sea Urchin Embryos” by Dr. A. Hamdoun
Lecture & lab work
8th July: “Handling of Gametes and Observation of Ascidian Embryos” by Dr. A. McDougall
Lecture & lab work
9th July: Excursion and preparation for individual projects
10–11th July: Advanced courses for each project
15:00 Presentations of each project
18:00 Farewell party
13th July: Leaving Asamushi
shimbc2.jpgThe course is open for undergraduate and graduate students (approx.
15 in total) from any institute, who major in or have an interest in biology
and related fields. If the number of applicants exceeds our hosting capacity,
we may have to decline applications. Experience in handling marine animals
is not necessary, but welcome. Accommodations and meals are available at
a reasonable rate at the center’s dormitory (Click here for detail). We are unable to support your travel expenses; however, we will work
to assist you in obtaining travel subsidies.
1. Please send an e-mail to the following address with your intention to
participate in the course and the specific project you want to participate
in by 31st March 2017. An early notice of your intention to participate
will optimize preparing for individual projects.
E-mail address: shimbc2017(at)grp.tohoku.ac.jp [Please change (at) to @]
2. When we receive your e-mail, we will send an application form with additional information about the course, accommodations, and so on.
Dr. Keiichiro Kyozuka (Chair person)
Dr. Gaku Kumano
Dr. Shinta Fujimoto
This program is supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan.